January 3, 2015Comments are off for this post.

How to line up shots for stitched panoramic images

I like to carry a simple point-and-shoot Canon S900 pocket camera. It is convenient for capturing of-the-moment photos, but it produces a frustrating lack of detail when I am faced with large panoramic nature scenes.

Adobe Photoshop CC and other programs now have very advanced image stitching and photo merging capabilities. Here I will show you how to frame up your shots for the best possible stitched results. Of course, you can make much better quality images with good camera and a tripod, but this method is to make the most of hand-held pocket cameras.


Four techniques:

Standing at the side of the highway, with my camera zoomed all of the way out, this is what I see through the lens. The aspect ratio is 4:3, and the resolution is 4000x3000 px.

While this is very nice looking, I would like to create an image of much greater detail, that shows the grand, looming presence of the mountains that I experienced with my naked eye.

All four examples are taken from one spot on the side of the road.


Example 1: Zoomed-in landscape pan

PROS: My favorite. High resolution and low distortion. CONS: May need to zoom out for better composition and context.

1A. Holding your camera in landscape mode, zoom in to your subject, and choose a frame that includes all of the foreground and sky that you need for your final composition.

1B. Start panning across horizontally. Move your frame about one-third each time. You will need the overlap to make up for lens distortion and vignetting.

1C. Continue panning across until you have all the shots you need for your composition. Be careful to keep a point of reference, like the horizon, to make sure you shoot straight.

1D. Here are the actual photos. It took ten images to pan across the mountain range. Note the natural, in-lens vignetting. This should be removed in the stitching process. You are now ready to stitch photos in your graphics program.

1E. RESULTS: 10 images, zoomed-in, landscape orientation 17247x3166. You can see some residual vignetting in the sky. Sometimes the software will remove this. Other times you'll need to touch it up. Below, I've stretched the mountains ever so slightly.

Download the ZIP of ten images below to stitch your own panorama together.

01-Nelsdrums-Zoomed-In-Landscape-10.zip (31 mb)


Example 2: Zoomed-in portrait pan

PROS: Highest resolution, least distortion. CONS: Difficult to line up shots. Can be time consuming when stitching.

2A. Holding your camera in portrait mode, zoom in to your subject, and choose a frame that includes all of the foreground and sky that you need for a final composition.

2B. Start panning across horizontally. Move your frame about one-third each time. You will need the overlap to make up for lens distortion and vignetting.

2C. Continue panning across until you have all the shots you need for your composition. Be careful to keep a point of reference, like the horizon, to make sure you shoot straight.

2D. Here are the actual photos. It took fifteen images to pan across the mountain range. Note the natural, in-lens vignetting. This should be removed in the stitching process. You are now ready to stitch photos in your graphics program.

2E. RESULTS: 15 images, zoomed-in, portrait orientation (B) 24340x4819. You can see how my camera dropped from left to right. Below touched-up perimeter and more contrasty versions.

Download the ZIP of fifteen images below to stitch your own panorama together.
02-Nelsdrums-Zoomed-In-Portrait-15.zip (55 mb)


Example 3: Zoomed-out pan

PROS: Uses the least shots, very fast to shoot, shows more context. CONS: Most radically distorted pixels, hardest to stitch together in proper perspective, lowest resolution.

3A. Here I have zoomed all of the way out, and will shoot overlapping images from left to right.

3B. Move your camera about one-half of the frame at a time. Note how the perspective changes drastically with the addition of near-field foreground elements.

3C. The more images you shoot zoomed-out, the more distorted your final stitched image will be. Try not to go over 120 degrees wide. You are now ready to stitch photos in your graphics program.

3D. RESULTS: 3 images, zoomed-out, landscape orientation 9588x3050. Whoa! Look at that perspective.

Download the ZIP of three images below to stitch your own panorama together.

03-Nelsdrums-Zoomed-Out-Landscape-3.zip (9 mb)


Example 4: Multi-row zoomed-in pan

PROS: Possibility of making massive, detailed images. CONS: Most difficult to shoot properly, more chances for stitching errors.

If your graphics program supports it, you can actually stitch a whole grid of images together. To do this, you will need a good eye and points of reference in the viewfinder to line up the shots properly.

4A. Here we have the 3 stitched images. They are fairly low resolution. To recreate this in high resolution, you need to shoot additional rows of images.

4B. Find a good reference point, zoom-in and shoot across horizontally like I have described above. Give yourself plenty of overlap.

4C. Continue across until you have all you need for the composition, then move down for the second row.

4D. Create a second row from your previous reference point. Continue until you have an equal amount of second row images. Add additional rows as needed. You are now ready to stitch photos in your graphics program.

4E. RESULTS: 12 images, zoomed-in, landscape orientation 38352x12200

Using the methods described here, I was able to make all of the panoramic images on this site using only a small, handheld point-and-shoot camera. Let me know how it works out for you.

Baker City Hi Rez Eastern Oregon Scenic Winter Panoramas

Skiing at Anthony Lakes on New Years Eve

January 2, 2015Comments are off for this post.

Baker City, High Res Eastern Oregon Scenic Winter Panoramas

Winter vacation 2014. My daughter Rachel and I created a bunch of panoramic images of the snowy mountains framing either side of Baker Valley in Eastern Oregon. Using our little point-and-shoot Canon cameras, we shot multiple exposures in horizontal sequence. Each image below is made up of 3-15 stills stitched together in Adobe Photoshop CC.

On the west side of Baker Valley, lie the Elkhorn Mountains, part of the Blue Mountains, in the northeastern part of Oregon. The highest point in the range is Rock Creek Butte, which is 9,106 feet (2,776 m) above sea level.

Far to the east, but visible from most everywhere in the Baker Valley is the Eagle Cap Wilderness, located in the Wallowa Mountains of northeastern Oregon, within the Wallowa–Whitman National Forest. The Wilderness was established in 1940. In 1964, it was included in the National Wilderness Preservation System. At 8,560 feet, Red Mountain, is the highest peak in Baker County. Sacajawea, the highest peak in the Eagle Cap, is 9,838 feet (2,999 m) above sea level. Eagle Cap is also home of the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area and North America's deepest river gorge at 7,993 feet (2,436 m).

Click on each image to load the high resolution files. Then zoom in so you can see how the mountains loom the way they do to the naked eye.

It's fun to click on the full-sized images, zoom in, and pan by scrolling back and forth.

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All images are the copyright and/or trademark of their respective owners. ©2020 Nels Dielman. All rights reserved worldwide.